Eine inspirierende Rede des Apple Gründers Steve Jobs auf der Abschlussfeier der Stanford Universität in Californien

Hier der Text der Rede zum Nachlesen

I am honored to be with you today at your commencement from one of the finest universities in the world. I never graduated from college. Truth be told, this is the closest I’ve ever gotten to a college graduation. Today I want to tell you three stories from my life. That’s it. No big deal. Just three stories.

The first story is about connecting the dots.

I dropped out of Reed College after the first 6 months, but then stayed around as a drop-in for another 18 months or so before I really quit. So why did I drop out?

It started before I was born. My biological mother was a young, unwed college graduate student, and she decided to put me up for adoption. She felt very strongly that I should be adopted by college graduates, so everything was all set for me to be adopted at birth by a lawyer and his wife. Except that when I popped out they decided at the last minute that they really wanted a girl. So my parents, who were on a waiting list, got a call in the middle of the night asking: “We have an unexpected baby boy; do you want him?” They said: “Of course.” My biological mother later found out that my mother had never graduated from college and that my father had never graduated from high school. She refused to sign the final adoption papers. She only relented a few months later when my parents promised that I would someday go to college.

And 17 years later I did go to college. But I naively chose a college that was almost as expensive as Stanford, and all of my working-class parents’ savings were being spent on my college tuition. After six months, I couldn’t see the value in it. I had no idea what I wanted to do with my life and no idea how college was going to help me figure it out. And here I was spending all of the money my parents had saved their entire life. So I decided to drop out and trust that it would all work out OK. It was pretty scary at the time, but looking back it was one of the best decisions I ever made. The minute I dropped out I could stop taking the required classes that didn’t interest me, and begin dropping in on the ones that looked interesting.

It wasn’t all romantic. I didn’t have a dorm room, so I slept on the floor in friends’ rooms, I returned Coke bottles for the 5¢ deposits to buy food with, and I would walk the 7 miles across town every Sunday night to get one good meal a week at the Hare Krishna temple. I loved it. And much of what I stumbled into by following my curiosity and intuition turned out to be priceless later on. Let me give you one example:

Reed College at that time offered perhaps the best calligraphy instruction in the country. Throughout the campus every poster, every label on every drawer, was beautifully hand calligraphed. Because I had dropped out and didn’t have to take the normal classes, I decided to take a calligraphy class to learn how to do this. I learned about serif and sans serif typefaces, about varying the amount of space between different letter combinations, about what makes great typography great. It was beautiful, historical, artistically subtle in a way that science can’t capture, and I found it fascinating.

None of this had even a hope of any practical application in my life. But 10 years later, when we were designing the first Macintosh computer, it all came back to me. And we designed it all into the Mac. It was the first computer with beautiful typography. If I had never dropped in on that single course in college, the Mac would have never had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts. And since Windows just copied the Mac, it’s likely that no personal computer would have them. If I had never dropped out, I would have never dropped in on this calligraphy class, and personal computers might not have the wonderful typography that they do. Of course it was impossible to connect the dots looking forward when I was in college. But it was very, very clear looking backward 10 years later.

Again, you can’t connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect them looking backward. So you have to trust that the dots will somehow connect in your future. You have to trust in something — your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever. This approach has never let me down, and it has made all the difference in my life.

My second story is about love and loss.

I was lucky — I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz and I started Apple in my parents’ garage when I was 20. We worked hard, and in 10 years Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a $2 billion company with over 4,000 employees. We had just released our finest creation — the Macintosh — a year earlier, and I had just turned 30. And then I got fired. How can you get fired from a company you started? Well, as Apple grew we hired someone who I thought was very talented to run the company with me, and for the first year or so things went well. But then our visions of the future began to diverge and eventually we had a falling out. When we did, our Board of Directors sided with him. So at 30 I was out. And very publicly out. What had been the focus of my entire adult life was gone, and it was devastating.

I really didn’t know what to do for a few months. I felt that I had let the previous generation of entrepreneurs down — that I had dropped the baton as it was being passed to me. I met with David Packard and Bob Noyce and tried to apologize for screwing up so badly. I was a very public failure, and I even thought about running away from the valley. But something slowly began to dawn on me — I still loved what I did. The turn of events at Apple had not changed that one bit. I had been rejected, but I was still in love. And so I decided to start over.

I didn’t see it then, but it turned out that getting fired from Apple was the best thing that could have ever happened to me. The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again, less sure about everything. It freed me to enter one of the most creative periods of my life.

During the next five years, I started a company named NeXT, another company named Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would become my wife. Pixar went on to create the world’s first computer animated feature film, Toy Story, and is now the most successful animation studio in the world. In a remarkable turn of events, Apple bought NeXT, I returned to Apple, and the technology we developed at NeXT is at the heart of Apple’s current renaissance. And Laurene and I have a wonderful family together.

I’m pretty sure none of this would have happened if I hadn’t been fired from Apple. It was awful tasting medicine, but I guess the patient needed it. Sometimes life hits you in the head with a brick. Don’t lose faith. I’m convinced that the only thing that kept me going was that I loved what I did. You’ve got to find what you love. And that is as true for your work as it is for your lovers. Your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven’t found it yet, keep looking. Don’t settle. As with all matters of the heart, you’ll know when you find it. And, like any great relationship, it just gets better and better as the years roll on. So keep looking until you find it. Don’t settle.

My third story is about death.

When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: “If you live each day as if it was your last, someday you’ll most certainly be right.” It made an impression on me, and since then, for the past 33 years, I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: “If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today?” And whenever the answer has been “No” for too many days in a row, I know I need to change something.

Remembering that I’ll be dead soon is the most important tool I’ve ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost everything — all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure — these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to follow your heart.

About a year ago I was diagnosed with cancer. I had a scan at 7:30 in the morning, and it clearly showed a tumor on my pancreas. I didn’t even know what a pancreas was. The doctors told me this was almost certainly a type of cancer that is incurable, and that I should expect to live no longer than three to six months. My doctor advised me to go home and get my affairs in order, which is doctor’s code for prepare to die. It means to try to tell your kids everything you thought you’d have the next 10 years to tell them in just a few months. It means to make sure everything is buttoned up so that it will be as easy as possible for your family. It means to say your goodbyes.

I lived with that diagnosis all day. Later that evening I had a biopsy, where they stuck an endoscope down my throat, through my stomach and into my intestines, put a needle into my pancreas and got a few cells from the tumor. I was sedated, but my wife, who was there, told me that when they viewed the cells under a microscope the doctors started crying because it turned out to be a very rare form of pancreatic cancer that is curable with surgery. I had the surgery and I’m fine now.

This was the closest I’ve been to facing death, and I hope it’s the closest I get for a few more decades. Having lived through it, I can now say this to you with a bit more certainty than when death was a useful but purely intellectual concept:

No one wants to die. Even people who want to go to heaven don’t want to die to get there. And yet death is the destination we all share. No one has ever escaped it. And that is as it should be, because Death is very likely the single best invention of Life. It is Life’s change agent. It clears out the old to make way for the new. Right now the new is you, but someday not too long from now, you will gradually become the old and be cleared away. Sorry to be so dramatic, but it is quite true.

Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life. Don’t be trapped by dogma — which is living with the results of other people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.

When I was young, there was an amazing publication called The Whole Earth Catalog, which was one of the bibles of my generation. It was created by a fellow named Stewart Brand not far from here in Menlo Park, and he brought it to life with his poetic touch. This was in the late 1960s, before personal computers and desktop publishing, so it was all made with typewriters, scissors and Polaroid cameras. It was sort of like Google in paperback form, 35 years before Google came along: It was idealistic, and overflowing with neat tools and great notions.

Stewart and his team put out several issues of The Whole Earth Catalog, and then when it had run its course, they put out a final issue. It was the mid-1970s, and I was your age. On the back cover of their final issue was a photograph of an early morning country road, the kind you might find yourself hitchhiking on if you were so adventurous. Beneath it were the words: “Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.” It was their farewell message as they signed off. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. And I have always wished that for myself. And now, as you graduate to begin anew, I wish that for you.

Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.

Thank you all very much.

Was will uns Steve Jobs mit dieser Rede sagen?

Bleib Hunrig, Bleib verrückt.

So endet die Rede anlässlich der Diplomverheilungsfeier an der Stanford Universität in Kalifornien.

Steve Jobs hat seine Uni nicht abgeschlossen. Und er sagt selbst, so nah wie jetzt, war er noch nie an einer Diplomverleihungsfeier.

Er will den Absolventen drei Geschichten erzählen, das ist alles, keine große Sache, wie er sagt, nur drei Geschichten.

In der ersten Geschichte geht es darum, wie Punkte sich verbinden.

Jobs, selbst wurde von seiner jungen, alleinstehenden Akademiker Mutter zur Adoption freigegeben. Unter einer Bedingung, dass Akademiker Ihn adoptieren würden. Durch eine Wendung wurde er jedoch von einer Arbeiterfamilie aufgenommen, die aber seiner biologischen Mutter versprechen, Ihn studieren zu lassen.

17 Jahre später geht er aufs College, aber dummerweise wählt er eines, so teuer war wie Stanford. Er sah, wie schnell die Universität die Lebens Ersparnisse seiner Eltern aufzehren. Nach 6 Monaten sah er keinen Wert mehr darin. Er wusste selbst nicht, was er im Leben wollte und auch nicht, wie die Uni ihm da weiterhelfen sollte. Schließlich entschied er sich, die Uni abzubrechen. In dem Vertrauen, das schon alles gut werden wird!

Plötzlich verändert sich sein leben. Jobs folgt seiner Neugierde und Intuition. Er improvisiert sein Leben, schläft bei Freunden auf dem Boden, bringt Pfandflaschen zurück und kauf sich davon Essen. Läuft jeden Sonntag über 10 Km zu einem Hare Krishna Tempel für eine warme Mahlzeit. Er liebte es.

Er belegt einen Kalligrafie Kurs, aus Interesse. Ohne einen praktischen Wert für sein derzeitiges Leben. Einfach nur weil es Ihn faszinierte und magisch anzog.

10 Jahre später jedoch, brachte er sein gesamte Typographisches Wissen in den ersten Macintosh ein und veränderte somit die gesamte Computerwelt.

Die Lehre daraus ist, man kann die Punkte nicht vorwärts verbinden. Man kann die einzelnen Lebensschritte erst rückblickend verbinden. Man muss das Vertrauen haben, dass die Punkte sich irgendwie in der Zukunft verbinden werden.

Du musst in irgendetwas vertrauen – in dein Bauchgefühl, Schicksal, Leben, Karma, was auch immer. Diese Herangehensweise hat mich noch nie im Stich gelassen, und das war es, was mein Leben so besonders gemacht hat!

Steve Jobs

Die zweite Geschichte ist über Liebe und Verlust

Ich hatte Glück – ich fand das, was ich liebte zu tun sehr früh in meinem Leben.

Mit 20 startet sein Freund Woz und er Apple in der Garage seiner Eltern und mit 30 hatten sie eine Firma mit 4000 Angestellten und einem Wert von 2 Mrd. Dollar. Sie hatten gerade den Macintosh herausgebracht. Und dann wurde Jobs gefeuert. Von seiner eigenen Firma gefeuert. Der Lebensinhalt seines Erwachsenenlebens war verschwunden. Es war verheerend, wie er selbst sagt.

Einige Monate war er wie benommen. Er fühlte sich wie ein öffentlicher Fehler. Als ob er den Staffelstab fallen gelassen hätte, als er an der Reihe war. Jobs war am Boden zerstört.

Doch langsam begann es ihm zu dämmern – er liebte immer noch was er tat.

Und so entschied er sich von vorne anzufangen.

Er erkannte es damals nicht, aber die Entlassung bei Apple war das beste, was ihm hätte passieren können. Die Schwere des Erfolgsdrucks wurde ersetzt durch die Leichtigkeit, wieder ein Anfänger zu sein. Es machte mich frei um die kreativste Phase meines Lebens einzutreten.

Er gründet NeXT, eine Firma namens Pixar und lernt seine zukünftige Ehefrau kennen. Wieder wendet sich das Blatt. Apple kauft NeXT und Jobs kehrt mit seiner neu entwickelten Technik zu Apple zurück. Und Jobs gründet mit seiner Frau eine wundervolle Familie, wie er sagt.

Er ist sich sicher, dass das alles nicht passiert wäre, wäre er nicht bei Apple gefeuert worden.

Manchmal schlägt Dir das Leben mit einem Ziegelstein ins Gesicht – Verliere nicht den Glauben.

Was Ihn sein Leben lang angetrieben hatte, war, das er immer das tat, was er liebte, so wie in einer Beziehung.

Man kann nur großartiges vollbringen, wenn man tut, was man liebt.

Man soll nicht stehen bleiben, bis man es gefunden hat. Wenn man es nocht nicht gefunden hat, dann soll man weitersuchen!

Höre nicht auf damit.

Die dritte Geschichte ist über den Tod

Sich daran zu erinnern, das man einmal sterben wird, ist die beste Art der Gedanken Falle zu entgehen, man hätte irgendetwas zu verlieren. Es gibt keinen Grund, nicht Deinem Herzen zu folgen.

Steve Jobs

Dann wird Steve Jobs Krebs diagnostiziert. Die Ärzte teilen ihm mit, er solle seine Angelegenheiten in Ordnung bringen.

Bei einer Biopsie wird festgestellt, dass diese Form heilbar ist. Und nach der Operation ging es ihm wieder gut.

Wieder hat Jobs Erfahrungen aus diesem Erlebnis gezogen.

Sein Rat ist:

Eure Zeit ist begrenzt, also verschwendet sie nicht damit, jemand anderes Leben zu führen.

Lass nicht die Meinung anderer Deine innere Stimme herunterziehen.

Und am wichtigsten: Habe den Mut Deinem Herzen und Deiner Intuition zu folgen, ihnen ist irgendwie bereits bekannt, was Du wirklich einmal werden möchtest.

Alles andere ist zweitrangig.

Steve Jobs

Jobs schließt seine Rede mit einer Erinnerung an eine Puplikation mit dem Namen ” der ganze Welt Katalog” eine der Bibeln seiner Generation. Ein Paperback kreiert mit Schreibmaschinen, Scheren und Polaroid Kameras.

So etwas wie google in Heftform. Es war idealistisch und quoll über von Ideen, Tipps und Anmerkungen.

Auf der Rückseite des Katalogs, war ein Foto von einer morgendlichen  Landstraße, so eine wie man sie antrifft, wenn man per Anhalter fährt, falls man so abenteuerlich ist.

Darunter stand geschireben. Stay Hungry, Stay Foolish.

Ich habe das immer für mich selbst gewünscht, sagt Jobs.

Und jetzt, wo die Absolventen von neuem Beginnen, wünscht Jobs das ihnen.

Stay Hungry, stay foolish. – Bleib Hungrig, bleib verrückt und törricht.

Jobs bedankt sich.

© Übersetzung und Kommentar Helmut Seisenberger





Schreibe einen Kommentar

Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Erforderliche Felder sind mit * markiert.